If you plan to become a serious Judoka, good technique is a must – no matter how strong you are. You need to get to know Judo basics properly, starting from the basic throws.
Judo is a combination of power, technique, and strength. You can perform 20 bench press repetitions with 250 pounds, but if an opponent is faster, if his technique is better, you will lose.
Before explaining Judo basics, you need to learn two things. Tori is the person who performs the throw, and uke is the person who is being thrown. So with that, let’s take a look at the top ten basic Judo throws!
Also known as floating hip, this is a type of the hip throw. It is also one of most common throws used in Judo competitions.
Initiate the contact with your opponent and catch his belt quickly. This throw is an excellent way to defeat a static opponent who uses strength before quickness and technique. Slide sideways and let your opponent slide over your hip. Don’t give your back completely or you can get countered.
If you want to master the Judo basics, you should definitively learn this technique when uki goshi is done properly. The technique is also known as lifting hip throw.
As a difference from uki goshi, you need to lift uke on your back and throw him on the ground. It is easier to grab uke’s belt over the top, stretching your right hand over his left shoulder. This will decrease the chances to get countered.
Also known as shoulder throw, it is an amazing technique for beginners. It is extremely easy and applicable in almost any situation. It is one of the highest scoring techniques in competitions. Tori grips uke with two hands, which is completely opposite to ippon seoi nage, where only one hand remains gripping, while the other goes under uke’s armpit.
Make sure you grip your opponent very quickly, or you can easily get countered by a choke. If your opponent is quick, he can react quickly and move sideways. This is risky but very attractive throw.
7. Ippon seoi nage
Also known as a single back throw, this is an amazing technique which can finish the fight very quickly. It is an irreplaceable part of Judo basics and you can usually learn this in your first training session. You’d be interested to know that this particular technique brings many victories in competitions.
One hand remains gripping, while other hand goes under the armpit of your opponent. You can improve the strength of the grip by pushing your biceps into the armpit of the opponent and rotating his right shoulder clockwise at the same time. Don’t be too far from your opponent and make sure to control his right hand with your both hands to prevent counters.
This is one of the first throws ever invented. It is an excellent way to throw a heavier and harder opponent, especially if your opponent is taller than you. Also known as major or large outer reap, it requires quick timing and manipulation. It is an excellent way to crush the opponent if your center of gravity is lower.
Make sure you step forward, place your right leg behind uke and rotate it counterclockwise extremely quickly, or you will get countered by osoto gaeshi.